Natalia Besedovsky published an article in Socio-Economic Review (currently as „advance access“ paper). Using the case of Moody’s, a major credit rating agency, her article “Financialization as calculative practice (…)” traces a fundamental paradigm shift in rating practices since the late 1980s. These innovations were driven by new calculative models, new kinds of analysts (so-called ‘quants’), and a profit-oriented organizational culture at Moody’s, all shaped by an increasingly financialized context. By studying credit rating agencies’ historical and current methodological publications and interviewing rating analysts, Natalia shows that the rating innovations of the 1980s and 1990s entail an entirely different set of epistemological assumptions about the calculability and predictability of the future, representing a fundamental paradigm shift in calculating and defining credit risk. In this framework, risk is not a threat that must be minimized, but a neutral variable that can be calculated, managed and used to generate profits. This new culture of credit risk assessment enabled the emergence and exponential growth of structured finance markets, fueling a culture of high-risk investments. The article contributes to the literature on financialization by arguing that financialization occurs both at the level of organizational culture and calculative practices.
Sebastian Botzem, together with Sigrid Quack (University Duisburg-Essen) and Solomon Zori (Rotterdam School of Management), published an article on the adoption of international accounting standards in Africa in the journal Global Policy.
Their article “International Accounting Standards in Africa: Selective Recursivity for the ‘Happy Few?” is part of the current issue´s special section on “Recursivity in Transnational Governance” edited by Olga Malets and Sigrid Quack. The article discusses the lack of participation of African stakeholders in the standard-setting process as well as the conceptual mismatch between the standard-setter’s objectives on the one hand and the socio-economic, cultural and political conditions in many African countries.
In mid-December, Sebastian Botzem and Sebastian Möller will participate in an international workshop on “Social Networks in Financial Production and Regulation” organized by Adam Leaver and Len Seabrooke and hosted by the Copenhagen Business School (CBS). This event will be a follow-up of last year´s “Networks in Finance Workshop” at Manchester Business School. Sebastian Botzem will present latest findes from his research on the reconfiguration of global financial elites. His presentation “Elite Networks in Global Finance – Characteristics of the Financial Elite” is schedulded for Wednesday, 13 December, 2-3.30pm. On Thursday (10.45-12.15), Sebastian Möller will talk about “Debt Management & Creative Finance in City Hall: Modes and Networks of Intermediation Between Global Finance and Local Governments”.
Our colleague Marcus Wolf has contributed to the new blog of the German Association of Political Science (DVPW) working group on orders of violence (Gewaltordnungen). His blog post “Die symbolische Gewalt der Schulden” raises the question whether and under which circumstances debt relations can be interpreted as manifestations of symbolic violence. Marcus argues that in a historical perspective, the morality of debt has often led to forms of direct or indirect violence against debtors, for instance in the case of debtor´s prisons. Nowadys, under the regime of debt-driven consumption, the symbolic violence of debt is much more inscribed in a new governmentality of financialization and is expressed in new attributions of responsibilities and in hidden power relations.
Together with Laura Deruytter and Reijer Hendrikse from the Vrije Universiteit Brussels, Sebastain Möller is co-organizing a panel on the “Financialization of the State” at next year´s Global Conference on Economic Geography (GCEG 2018) in Cologne. The Call for Paper can be found here. Abstracts can be submitted until 15 March 2018.
This week, the International Relations section of the German Association for Political Science (DVPW) will gather for its open conference at the University of Bremen. From Wednesday to Friday, there will be lots of panels covering a broad variety of IR issues including International Political Economy and global finance. Members of our research group are participating in the conference. On Wednesday afternoon, Sebastian Botzem will present a paper on elite organization in global finance (3.15-4.45pm, Room SFG1040). On Friday morning, he will chair a panel on global finance in which Marcus Wolf and Sebastian Möller will jointly dicsuss four papers on financial governance (11.15-12.45, Room, SFG1030). More information on the confernce can be found here.
This week, Sebastian Botzem will present his ongoing research on the reconfiguration of the global financial elite at the 11th Pan-European Conference on International Relations in Barcelona, organized by the European International Studies Association (EISA). His presentation is titled “New kids on the block: The rise of private non-profit organizations in cross-border financial governance”. It is schedulded for Friday, 15 September, 4:45pm (room 40,008) and will be part of a panel on continuity and change in financial regulation chaired by Malcolm Campbell-Verduyn.
This Friday (30 June), Sebastian Botzem and Natialia Besedovsky will present a paper on “The Rise of Knowledge Intermediating Organizations in Global Financial Regulation” at the SASE conference in Lyon. In this paper, the authors apply a social network analysis approah to the study of changes within the global financial elite within and after the latest financial crisis. It summarizes some of the empirical findings and conceptional debates surround their common research project on the global financial elite. Moreover, Sebastian will be the discussant at Thursday´s panel on “Regulation and Governance in Emerging Economies”. This year´s conference theme is “What´s Next? Disruptive/Collaborative Economy or Business as Usual?”. The Society for the Advamcement of Socio-Economics (SASE) brings together scholars from sociology, political economy, management, political science and other fields interested in socio-economic dynamics.
Sebastian Möller has written a short report on the spread of so-called LOBO (ledender option – borrower option) loans among British local authorities for SPERI comment, the blog of the Sheffield Political Economy Research Institute (SPERI). In his contribution, “Financializing town halls: Local councils, LOBO loans and the derivatives markets”, Sebastian briefly introduces this new type of market debt that became quite popular among UK city treasurers prior to the crisis. He describes how a complex network of different public and private actors including new intermediaries, such as treasury management advisors and brokers, facilitated the spread of LOBO loans. Contrary to experiences made by many continental local governements, in the British case the derivative character of this new financial instrumentwas much more hidden, since LOBOs constitute a form of embedded derivatives. In his PhD research project, Sebastian explores the financialization of municipal debt management across Europe.
Abstract: Financialization – the increasing relevance of financial markets, financial actors and financial logics – and the related rise of originate-to-distribute-cycles in the mortgage industry have been considered key explanations for the emergence of financial crises. Analyzing a case study in the European real estate industry, we show how actors strategically manage inter-organizational relations and take advantage of rising asset prices, through refinancing on the basis of loan-to-value even before the originate-to-distribute-cycle of the mortgage industry unfolds. Valuation and accounting are core practices of financialized business models that evolve around management fees, which serve as value carriers and bring potential future profits into the present. Auditing also plays a role as it legitimizes these business activities and facilitates jurisdictional arbitrage. We contribute to the accounting literature by explaining how the strategic configuration of a valuation-accounting nexus leads to organizational short-termism and rewards unsustainable business activities in the real estate industry.
On June 9th, Marcus Wolf is going to present current findings from his ongoing PhD project at the “Association d’études sociales de la finance” (AESF), the French Social Studies of Finance Association in Paris. His presentation will be focussing on the OECD’s role in the promotion of financial literacy education and the narratives surrounding the ascent of this policy programme to the global stage. His talk will take place at the Conservatoire national des arts et métiers (CNAM) – 2 rue de Conté, salle 31-2-87 (accès 31, 2ème étage, salle 87).
In July, the University of Bremen will host Prof. Eve Chiapello for two events. Chiapello is a renowned sociologist and currently research director at L’École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales (EHESS) in Paris. Her research focuses on the transformation of capitalism through management tools, valuation, and accounting. In 1999, she published Le nouvel Ésprit du Capitalisme (English: The New Spirit of Capitalism) together with Luc Boltanski, a work systematically analyzing managerial literature from the 1960s and 1990s to detect a shift in the ethos of capitalist society. This book has become something like a moden classic in sociology. More recently, Chiapello´s work has turned to the manifold dynamics of financialization. In a joint research project with scholars at the University of Hamburg, Chiapello, for instance, explores the “financialization of valuation and public policies”.
In Bremen, she will give a talk on “The Financialization of Public Policies” within the BIGSSS lectures series (5 July). Moreover, she will be guest at a “Politics & Finance Seminar” of our research group on “Devices, Conventions and the Study of Neoliberalism” (6 July). In this seminar, we will discuss her recent article “Critical accounting research and neoliberalism”. As a kick-off for our discussion, Martin Nonhoff (InIIS) will comment the paper. If you want to participate in the seminar, please contact s.moeller[at]uni-bremen.de.
Overview of the two events
05.07.2017:Eve Chiapello (EHESS Paris): “The Financialization of Public Policies” (BIGSSS Lecture), 16.15-17.45, Room 7.2210 (InIIS)
06.07.2017: Eve Chiapello (EHESS Paris), Workshop: “Devices, Conventions, and the Study of Neoliberalism”, 10-12h, Room 7.2210 (InIIS)
Sebastian Möller has written a new blog post for “Manchester Capitalism: A View From The North”. In his contribution “Mapping & Understanding the Networked Character of Finance”, he summarizes the “Networks in Finance Workshop” held last December in Manchester. This workshop was organized by Adam Leaver and Daniel Tischer from the Manchester Business School. On this occasion, scholars from different fields of study have discussed the roles of networks in different areas of finance and the value of network analysis for understanding ongoing processes and dynamics. At this workshop, also Sebastian Botzem presented a paper co-authored by Natalia Besedovsky on the reconfiguration of the global financial elite. The blog post provides a brief overview of the different projects presented in Manchester and sketches out some routes for further research.
The “Politics & Finance” research group is hosting a reading session on process tracing in IPE (and byond) on 01 June (10-12) at InIIS. We will read and discuss selected contributions from a recent special issue of New Political Economy. The program for the event can be found here. If you wish to participate, please send an email to smoeller[at]uni-bremen.de.
In September, the Warwick Critical Finance Group will be hosting the sequel of last year´s Young Scholars Workshop on interdisciplinary finance studies. The workshop is titled “Taking the next step: new frontiers in the interdisciplinary study of finance” and will take place on 25 & 26 September 2017 at the University of Warwick (UK). The Call for Papers can be found here. Paper proposals are due on 1 June. The event will provide an excellent opportunity to continue our discussions on the ongoing and manifold daynamic changes of finance, it´s transformative influence on various realms of society, and further avenues for the intersdisciplinary agenda of finance research. Moreover, the workshop is targeted at further strengthening networks and collaborations of early career researchers.
In November 2017, the City University London will be hosting the second “Intersections of Finance and Society” conference organized by the “Finance and Society” Journal, the Finance and Socitey Network at the University of Sydney, and the City Political Economy Research Centre (CITYPERC). The Call for papers for this conference has been announced now. Last year´s inaugural conference was a mayor success and brought together hundreds of finance scholars from different disciplines and from all over the world. Abstracts for this year can be submitted until 01 August. Melinda Cooper and Joseph Vogel already have been confirmed as keynote speekers for this event.
This summer term, members of our research group will be teaching in the Bachelor and Master courses in Political Science at the University of Bremen. Sebastian Botzem offers a seminar on “Challenges of Global Financial Regulation” (MA, Tuesdays 4-6pm, Room: GW1-HS H1010). Together with Martin Nonhoff, he will also teach a seminar on “Political-Economic Thought in the 20th Century: Introduction to the work of Keynes, Hayek, Eucken and Polanyi” (BA, Wednesdays 4-6pm, Room: IW3 0200). Moreover, Marcus Wolf will teach the seminar “Oil and International Politcs in the 20th Century” together with Roy Karadag (BA, Wednesdays, 2-4pm, Room: FVG M2010). All courses will be in German languange. Please register via Stud.IP.
There is also a distinct call for papers for a panel at this conference organized by the DVPW working group on International Political Economy. The panel will focus on politics of financial solidarity within the European Union. This call can be found here. Abstracts for this panel are due on 20 March.
From February until April, Marcus Wolf will be visiting researcher at the Institut d’Études Politiques (Sciences Po) in Paris. Marcus will be hosted by the Centre de Sociologie des Organisations (CSO) and the MaxPo Center on Coping with Instability in Markets whose research focus lies at the intersection of political economy and economic sociology. During his stay he will be supervised by Jeanne Lazarus (CSO) and Olivier Godechot (MaxPo), researchers with interests in the sociology of credit and economic sociology respectively.
During his stay Marcus will conduct fieldwork at the OECD for his dissertation project on the politics of financial literacy education, collecting both information from interviews and visits at the OECD archive. He will also present his findings in the course of the MaxPo research colloquium.
His research stay is funded by a DAAD scholarship. The DAAD (German Academic Exchange Service) is a central agency of the institutions of higher education in the Federal Republic of Germany which organizes international academic exchange programmes.
In December, Sebastian Botzem presented preliminary findings of the Global Financial Elites project at the “Networks in Finance” Workshop at the University of Manchester, organized by Adam Leaver and Daniel Tischer. The paper, co-authored by Natalia Besedovsky, investigates the dynamic development of the global financial elite network drawing on the GloFIELD database which includes the big players of finance and their connections to other organisations via personal links.Comparing the network structure over 25 years, Sebastian and Natalia find that organizational relations become more dense over time and that the global network changes notably after the financial crisis. In particular, regulators, international organisations, and the industry itself lose connectivity while private non-profit organisations like think tanks and professional associations move towards the core. In the 2013 network, for instance, the World Economic Forum (WEF) is the most centrally located organization . Interpreting networks as infrastructure of soft power relations and knowledge flows, these changes might indicate an increasing demand of sense-making, persuasion, and a need for reassurance after the crisis. Network structures also signal a renewal of the dominant self-regulatory pattern in financial governance. The rise of new actors in the financial elite network certainly merits further research.
The workshop brought together both renowned and emerging scholars from different disciplines interested in network structures and dynamics within global finance. Participants discussed the usefulness of network analysis in understanding financialization and structural changes in different financial sectors. A consensus emerged that social network analysis helps us a great deal in this respect since it enables the mapping of actor constellations over time and the connectedness of finance across sectors and borders. The workshop, however, also showed that network analysis does not replace the theorization of social relations and dynamic change in finance and ideally needs to triangulated with other methods.
17.01.17: Lydia Welbers (SOCIUM, University of Bremen): “Investment clubs
as homosocial groups. Which is the value of this category of analysis?”
InIIS, Room 7.2020, 12.15-13.45
Abstract of Lydia´s talk: Investment clubs (as associations of small investors, which pool their money) have to decide together, how to invest their money on the financial market. On the group level, members of the group look quite similar. Therefore these groups can be divided in male and female associations. The talk focusses on the added value by describing investment clubs as homosocial groups by mentioning differences and similarities between these groups and their decision making processes.
After the presentation, there will be plenty of time to ask questions and discuss various aspects of the topic. If you wish to attend the seminar, please write an email to smoeller[at]uni-bremen.de.
On December the 15th, Prof. Lucia Quaglia (University of York) will be guest in our “Politics & Finance Seminar Series” at InIIS. She will talk about the political economy of domestic compliance with international financial standards in the case of Basel Accords in banking regulation. Lucia is one of the most renowed experts on European financial governance and works in the fields of International & Comparative Political Economy. During her current fellowship at Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg she explores transatlantic economic coordination together with Prof. Susanne K. Schmidt from InIIS.
15.12.16: Lucia Quaglia (University of York), “The politics of domestic compliance with the Basel Accords in Banking”, InIIS, Room 7.2210, 12.15 – 13.45
Abstract of the talk: Why do jurisdictions comply (or not) with international financial standards? This research examines the mixed record of compliance of the two main jurisdictions worldwide – the United States and the European Union – with the most well-known financial standards, the Basel Accords. It draws attention to the ‘misfit’ between the international standard-setting process and the process of domestic compliance. In the uploading stage, elected officials delegate international standard-setting to domestic regulators and large internationally-active financial institutions successfully mobilise. In the downloading stage, domestic interest groups team up with elected officials in order to resist compliance with international standards that have negative distributional implications for domestic constituencies.
Within the next few weeks, members of the research group “Transnational Political Ordering in Global Finance” will present findings of their ongoing research at different occasions in the United Kingdom. Sebastian Botzem will participate in a workshop on “Networks in Finance” organized by Adam Leaver and Daniel Tischer at Alliance Manchester Business School (AMBS). There, he will present a paper by Natalia Besedovsky and him on “Knowledge intermediation and the rise of boundary-spanning organizations in finance”.
24/11/2016 (1pm, AMBS East, B2): Sebastian Möller – When finance knocks at city hall´s door: Derivatives and municipal debt management.
AMBS PhD Seminar, University of Manchester (UoM)
02/12/2016 (1.15pm, CURDS): Sebastian Möller – Global finance meets local politics: Derivatives and municipal debt management. Financialisation and local government workshop, University of Newcastle
08/12/2016 (9am, Chancellors at UoM): Natalia Besedovsky & Sebastian Botzem – Changing Patterns in Global Finance: Knowledge intermediation and the rise of boundary-spanningorganizations in finance. Networks in Finance Workshop, UoM
14/12/2016 (4pm, ICOSS Boardroom): Sebastian Möller – When global finance knocks at city hall’s door: Derivatives and municipal debt management.
SPERI Seminar, University of Sheffield
Sebastian Möller and Marcus Wolf have written a report on the Young Scholars Workshop on Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Finance for the German social science blog soziopolis. The workshop was organized by our research group in September at the University of Bremen with kind support by the Center for Transnational Studies (ZenTra) and the Foundation of the University of Bremen. In their contribution, Marcus and Sebastian summarize the keynote talks by Eleni Tsingou, Lucia Quaglia, and Phil Mader and discuss strenghts and downsides of the interdisciplinary study of financial market developments. There is also a blog post in English language on socializing finance. Previously, Marcus and Sebastian already have published blog posts on soziopolis on the Debt Trails Workshop in Budapest and the symposium on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the Institute for Intercultural & International Studies.
On Monday, 24 October 2016, Prof. Lucia Quaglia will be guest at the joint colloquim of the Institute of Intercultural and International Studies (InIIS) & the Bremen International Graduate School of Social Sciences (BIGSSS). Lucia is senior lectur at the Centre for Global Political Economy at the University of York and currently fellow at Hanse-Wissenschaftskolleg in Delmenhorst. She is one of the most renowed experts on European financial governance and works in the fields of International & Comparative Political Economy. During her current fellowship, which is co-funded by BIGSSS and the University of Bremen, she explores transatlantic economic coordination together with Prof. Susanne K. Schmidt from InIIS. In the colloquium session, she will talk about post-crisis banking regulation at the interface between domestic and international governance. Her paper will be discussed by our colleague Marcus Wolf.
InIIS BIGSSS Colloquium, 24 October 2016, 4-6pm, Unicom 7.2210 Lucia Quaglia: Post-crisis banking regulation at the interface between domestic and international governance
In December, Lucia will also be guest in our “Politics & Finance Seminar Series”. On this occasion, she will talk about domestic compliance with international financial standards in the case of the Basel Accords. This event will be held on 15 December.
In winter term 2016/17, Sebastian Botzem will teach the research seminar “Introduction to the Political Economy of Global Trade” (in German language, BA Political Science). This seminar will take place Wednesdays 10-12 at SpT C4180 (Sportturm). You can register for the course via Stud.IP.
Previous seminars of research group members at Bremen University:
Economic elites and the regulation of the world economy
(Sebastian Botzem, summer term 2016)
The politics of debt in financialized capitalism
(Sebastian Möller & Marcus Wolf, summer term 2016)
Social science perspectives on finance
(Natalia Besedovsky, winter term 2015/16)
Politics & economy in the age of globalization
(Sebastian Botzem, winter term 2015/16)
Political Economy of financial market regulation
(Sebastian Botzem, summer term 2015)
International Political Economy of the financial crisis
(Sebastian Möller & Marcus Wolf, summer term 2015)